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Offshore Drilling Cuts Across Party Line In North Carolina Coastal Campaigns

Areas that could potentially be leased for offshore oil and gas drilling are shown on a map displayed Monday, March 5, 2018, at an open house hosted by the federal Bureau of Ocean Energy Management to provide information and gather public comment on the T
Ted S. Warren

President Trump is putting coastal Republicans in a tight spot this election cycle with his proposal to open waters off the Atlantic coast to oil and gas exploration.The coast is mainly represented by members of the president’s party, but offshore drilling is highly unpopular among voters along North Carolina’s coast.
“To put a percentage on the opposition, I would guess it’s 90 percent plus that is in total opposition,” said Dare County Board of Commissioners Chair Bob Woodard.

Woodard is a vocal opponent of offshore oil and gas drilling. He has spoken with both Governor Roy Cooper and Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke about his opposition to drilling.

If your constituents are saying they oppose it and they give you valid reasons to oppose it, that's what you're in office for. You're in office to serve your constituents. -Bobby Hanig

Woodard is also a Republican, although he said this is a bipartisan issue in the Outer Banks.
“You got seven governors all the way from Maryland to Florida, four Dems and three Republicans opposed. So I’d say that’s bipartisan,” he said.

The Dare County commissioners are unanimous in their opposition to drilling, along with most other coastal municipalities in North Carolina, Virginia and South Carolina. Brunswick County has 13 municipal resolutions against offshore oil and gas drilling, which is more than any other county in the nation.  

While this opposition is nothing new, it’s growing stronger. Some Republican candidates have learned this the hard way.

In the Republican primary for state Senate District 1, which includes all of the Outer Banks and some inland areas, Bob Steinberg, who opposes offshore drilling, beat challenger Clark Twiddy, who supports it.
Beverly Boswell, the incumbent for state House District 6, which also spans the Outer Banks, supports offshore oil and gas drilling. And she lost in the Republican primary to Bobby Hanig, who opposes drilling.
“If your constituents are saying they oppose it and they give you valid reasons to oppose it, that’s what you’re in office for. You’re in office to serve your constituents,” Hanig said.

Boswell tried to label Hanig an “extremist environmentalist” during the campaign. He flatly denies that accusation and calls himself a conservationist who is also a conservative Republican.
“I believe in Donald Trump. I believe in Make America Great Again. We just disagree on one issue,” Hanig said.

Democrats See Vulnerability In Coastal Districts

While coastal Republicans may be on the same side as environmentalists when it comes to coastal drilling, they quickly split paths. Hanig and Woodard support President Trump’s push to cut environmental regulations on existing oil refineries. They say there would be no need to drill in coastal waters if we could refine our existing oil supply more efficiently.  
And this is where Democrats see an opportunity.

“Republicans are tied to the hip with Donald Trump,” said North Carolina Democratic Party Chair Wayne Goodwin.

The Democratic party is targeting vulnerable districts this election cycle to break the Republican supermajority in the state legislature.

“We are especially targeting coastal districts,” Goodwin said.

That’s because of the unpopularity of President Trump’s push for offshore drilling and his roll back of environmental regulations. Democrats think this could be a liability to coastal Republicans.  

And they could be right, especially along the state's southern shores. Environmental issues are front and center in Wilmington right now because of offshore drilling and Gen X contamination in the Cape Fear River, according to Erin Carey of the North Carolina Sierra Club.   
“If you tell people the water they’re drinking -the water they have given their children and mixed into baby formula- has industrial chemicals in it, people start paying attention, Carey said.

Gen X Contamination Sparked Environmental Hypervigilence

Gen X is expected to be a major issue in elections around Wilmington. In state Senate District 9, Republican Sen. Michael Lee is being targeted by Democrats because he was slow to draft Gen X legislation with co-author Holly Grange, of House District 20.

Both Grange and Lee also support offshore drilling. Their Democratic opponents oppose it.

In state House District 19, which covers Wilmington, Republican Rep. Ted Davis came out against offshore drilling in January after years of support for it. His Democratic challenger, Marcia Morgan, is making coastal waters and Gen X central pillars in her campaign.     

There is one candidate who supports offshore oil and gas drilling who is expected to be safe this election cycle. Rep. David Rouzer of North Carolina’s 7th Congressional District is the only coastal representative from Delaware to South Carolina who supports offshore drilling.

But Rouzer’s Democratic opponent, Kyle Horton, thinks she can beat an incumbent in what’s considered a safe district. She’s hoping kitchen table issues like the economy, healthcare and education will resonate with voters who are also concerned about protecting waters inland and off the coast.  

“I’m deeply concerned we are rolling back any of those protections that would put our coast and our economy here fundamentally at risk,” Horton said.

Horton herself is a vocal opponent of offshore drilling. She had a family member die when the Deepwater Horizon oil rig exploded in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010.

Coastal Republicans are seeing people’s opinions about environmental issues shift this election cycle, but they can’t chase these voters too far without distancing themselves from a president popular with their base. These candidates will have to oppose environmental deregulation and offshore drilling, while not getting too far from a president - and two North Carolina senators in Washington - who support both those things.

James Morrison is a national award-winning broadcast reporter with more than seven years experience working in radio and podcasts. His work has been featured on NPR, Marketplace, Here & Now and multiple other radio outlets and podcasts. His reporting focuses on environmental and health issues, with a focus on the opioid epidemic and sustainable food systems. He was recognized with a national award for a story he reported for NPR on locally-sourced oyster farming. He also received a national award for his daily news coverage of firefighters killed in the line of duty. A podcast he produced about the fall of Saigon during the Vietnam War was accepted into the Hearsay International Audio Arts Festival.
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