Parents in the United States typically have very little institutional support when it comes to raising children. The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 guarantees workers 12 weeks of parental leave — but that leave is unpaid.
Some states have required employers to provide paid parental leave, but in North Carolina it is optional. Parents are left on their own when it comes to covering the costs of childcare, finding summertime activities and finding ways to socialize their little ones.
In addition to the responsibility of raising a child with little support, parents face social pressures about the right and wrong way to do things. Society encourages two-parent households, lots of extracurricular activities and breastfeeding, among other things. But where does that leave parents? And who takes on the mental load required for those things?
For the next episode of Embodied, our series about sex, relationships and your health, host Anita Rao talks to several guests about the social expectations and systemic forces in American culture, how those pressures impact parents and how we can push back. Katherine Goldstein is a journalist and the host and creator of “The Double Shift,” a podcast about a new generation of working mothers. She explains the concept of the mental load and talks about why it often falls to women to handle it.
"Usually in a two-parent family, people are always looking to the mother, and there's a lot of judgment on mothers about how they’re parenting and how they’re mothering," Goldstein says.
Angela Garbes also joins the conversation to talk about how social expectations and moral judgments about parenting begin as soon as a woman becomes pregnant. Garbes is the author of “Like A Mother: A Feminist Journey Through the Science and Culture of Pregnancy” (Harper Wave/2018). She explains some of her research about the science of pregnancy and talks about how access to straightforward information can empower women.
"If you don't have a full understanding of your body … then I think it's easy to have rights, choices and freedoms taken away from you," Garbes argues.
And Dani McClain shares the additional fear and anxiety that black communities experience raising children in a white supremacist culture.
"Pregnancy and birth can feel like this overwhelming, complex set of experiences when you're going through it for the first time. Add to it that you know that your health and safety and life is at risk when you go into the process. [It] adds even more that you have to think about and manage and negotiate," she explains.
McClain is a journalist, a fellow at Type Media Center and the author of “We Live for the We: The Political Power of Black Motherhood” (Bold Type Books/2019). All three guests talk about raising children in different family structures, the myth that there is a “right way” to parent and the challenges parents face in American culture.