Bills altering early in-person voting and restricting litigation against large livestock operations by neighbors unhappy with odors and other nuisances became North Carolina law Wednesday, despite formal objections by Gov. Roy Cooper.
The House completed overrides on two bills vetoed by Gov. Cooper, following similar Senate votes Tuesday. So the Republican-backed bills are now state law. The House also agreed to override three other vetoed bills, but the Senate hasn't yet acted upon them.
The early-voting measure adjusts the current 17-day period so that residents now won't vote in person during the weekend before a primary or Election Day. The legislation eliminates the final Saturday before the election from the period while moving up the early voting start by one day.
The litigation restrictions, inserted in the General Assembly's farm bill, contains language sought by pork producers after the first of nearly two dozen nuisance lawsuits resulted in a multi-million dollar verdict earlier this year against Smithfield Foods. Deliberations in the second trial were going on Wednesday in Raleigh federal court. The new language, however, doesn't apply retroactively to these cases.
Cooper, a Democrat, said in his veto message the early voting bill would make it harder for some to vote. His allies have said the last Saturday before the election has been popular with voters, especially black residents.
"This bill smacks of discrimination, whether intended or not ... against a particular population of voters," said Rep. Amos Quick, a Guilford County Democrat, who is black.
But Republicans argue the changes would create more access to voting, pointing out the previous law required early voting to end early in the afternoon on the final Saturday. The new law also requires all approved sites be open from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. on weekdays. Variable times were allowed under the old rules. County election officials still have the option to open sites in the two full weekends during the period.
"I think uniform hours for the polls to be open (and) an additional half-day for the polls to be open are a good thing," said Rep. David Lewis, a Harnett County Republican, before the override vote of 74-45.
By an identical margin, the House vote to override the farm bill, with supporters saying the state's powerful agriculture industry must be protected from lawsuits that could send farmers who comply with federal and state regulations while raising livestock out of business.
"Overriding this veto and correcting Gov. Cooper's unwise decision sends the clear message to our family farmers and rural communities that they have a voice in the legislature and that this General Assembly intends to give them the respect they deserve," GOP Sen. Brent Jackson of Sampson County, the bill's chief sponsor, said after Wednesday's vote.
Cooper had vetoed the bill, saying the measure gave special treatment to one industry at the expense of the property rights of homeowners and other businesses. Environmental groups lamented the override.
Republican Rep. John Blust of Guilford County, the most vocal legislative opponent of the litigation language, urged that the veto be upheld, saying allowing the changes would "a fundamental crack" in private property rights.
"Someone's home is their most precious thing that they have on this earth," Blust said.
Other vetoed bills that the House began to override Wednesday include the legislature's annual "regulatory reform" measure and insurance regulatory changes. Cooper vetoed the insurance bill because of an unrelated alteration of when bail bondsmen can avoid losing what they posted on behalf of a defendant who doesn't show up for court. The House also voted to override a vetoed bill that makes changes to election districts for trial court judges or district attorneys in more than a dozen counties.
The legislature has now overridden 15 of the 23 bills Cooper has vetoed since he took office in early 2017.